So I remember reading the “So you want to be a physicist” back in the days that I did want to be a physicist. I still do, to an extent, but solid state sciences have become quite interdisciplinary with chemistry and physics, hence I’m studying both. I digress.
I’ve looked around and havent been able to find any entries or anything of the like with chemistry, and since my adorable little niece told me the other day, she wants to be a chemist like me (awwww, isnt that cute?), I figured I’d right up a piece. So Jessica, this goes to you my dear little niece.
So You Want To Be a Chemist, Part 1: Elementary, middle and high school
My niece is only six, so I’m starting early. We have to train her afterall, and any other young budding chemists out there. I know from experience, cause well, my parents are both involved in the chemical sciences, so I think that’s why I probably ended up where I am.
So you /think/ you want to be a chemist! That’s really cute at the elementary school age, and so at this point, the parentals should be exposing all young children to the wonders that is science. Physics, chemistry and biology and even engineering should be taken in, and there are wonderful shows out there that kids can watch on PBS. Back in the day, I had Mr. Wizard and 3-2-1 contact, but alas, those are gone. I dont know what the current shows are, but I still highly recommend the Discovery channel for some good parent-children TV watching. My favorites are still especially Shark Week, Dinosaur Week and any good astrophysics stuff.
Back when I was a kid, Nova on PBS was a delightful source of edu-tainment. Parents, if you’re not involved in the sciences, you can learn a lot from these shows as well, as they arent specifically made for us geeks. In fact, they’re made to reach out to the masses to get a growing interest in the sciences, so make sure your children watch, I know I make Jessica and my own siblings watch. Ha!
At the elementary and middle school ages, museums are always a wonderful option. Start off with children’s museums that show the wonders of science. There are always demos, lots of games children can play, and of course, the demos.
There are lots of books out there that show neat little demos and tricks that can be made with science. Right now, for instance, there is a book called “Inexpensive Experiments for Young Children”. Back when I did demos for young kids as an undergrad, we used a lot of tricks in that book and a series of other books that were simply fun and awesome.
Here’s one that kids generally like, and it’s easy to do.
“Make your own GAK”
Ingredients: Disposable cups, Elmer’s glue, food coloring, and Borax (you can get this in the dishwashing aisle of your grocery store)
Procedure: In a disposable paper cup, pour in Elmer’s glue and food coloring. Mix well with a toothpic until desired color is achieved. For extra coolness, simply swirl different colors in with a toothpic for a tie-dye effect. Meanwhile, prepare a supersaturated solution of Borax and cold water. (Take a cup of borax and mix it in half a gallon of water). Once the Borax is nice and dissolved, mix the solution in with the Elmer’s glue mix. Polymerization and crosslinking will occur to produce ‘gak’, and have your little one mix with his/her little hands in the disposable cup. The glue wont stick to the little one’s fingers and will instead continue the polymerization process. Decant the excess Borax solution and play with your gak!
(Parents, it’s easy clean up if you get it on the carpet. Use soapy water to clean off and use a little Borax solution to make sure there wasnt any glue in there. Then vacuum).
See! That’s one of the experiments we did with ACS. All the little kids loved it. Speaking of ACS, if you’re a parent who has a budding little chemist, bring them out to local OPEN HOUSES in different universities. My undergrad alma mater always had an open house for the locals where all the student organizations would have booths and generally try to get kids to go to college and encourage their parents to start saving up for it.
With ACS, we always did the GAK experiments and made liquid nitrogen icecream. It was a treat for everyone, and the kids became excited. The SPS (Societyof Physics Students) collaborated with us, and we showed the YBCO and BSCO superconductors as well, so it was fun for all the student affiliates and the families.
2) Middle School
So all that stuff is good for elementary school, but what about middle school? My own siblings are in that age, and this is what we do to encourage their inner geekyness. Science fairs! Oh, yes there’s science fairs starting at kinder, but at the middle school level, you can start doing neater stuff.
We’re not talking about high level experiments, but simplethings can and should be done to promote your budding chemist’s interests and experimental skills. At this stage in the game, just general training in critical thinking and analytical skills and the introduction to the scientific method should still be used. That way, your budding scientist can go off to be an engineer, or a biologist, chemist, geologist, physicist or mathematician.
Take your Pre-AP courses. Challenge yourself. Take Prealgebra in 7th grade, and Algebra in 8th. If you’re really good at math, take it early, and definitely go for the TIP (Talent Identification Program) at your local school. This is essentially taking the SAT in the 7th grade to see if you qualify for some special summer programs at Duke, Stanford, John Hopkins, Northwestern, and a fine variety of other schools. If you manage to get into the program, take a science or math related course and inundate yourself in a pre-college experience by staying at the dorm and actually learning in the summer. I know these programs continue after the 7th grade, so if you can afford it, go for it. Scholarships based on need are offered, so dont feel like this is a program only for the rich. Here’s the DUKE TIP website. Apparently, they have a 4th-5th grade program now starting in 2009! http://www.tip.duke.edu/
3) High School
So, you’ve done what you can in elementary and middle school. High school is where you can actually start being a real scientist in training, if you feel that’s your passion. That’s when I started anyway. Make sure you take advantage of the Pre-AP and AP Curriculum at this level. This curriculum is always good. Pre-AP Biology, Chemistry, and Physics are good, and if you can, double up with some AP Biology, AP Chemistry and AP Physics. Back at my high school, I was able to take AP Physics and AP Biology my senior year, and I took AP Chemistry with Pre-AP Physics my junior year. It was a sweet deal. Of course, make sure you take AP Calculus AB and AP Calculus BC if your school offers it. Take advantage of what you can.
If your school doesnt have extensive AP curriculum, look into a dual credit program. Local community colleges often partner up with high schoolers so that you can take classes (usually for free) at a local community college. If you’re going to a public school for college (like I did), these classes typically transfer. Even if you dont, they’re a good foundation that you can use to further your learning once you are in college. In addition, look at the different curriula your school has to offer. We had a minimum, regular and distinguished plan. The distinguished plan required AP tests (minimum score of 4), and you needed 3 of them. In addition, we had the independent study option where you could find a mentor to work under (some people interned in journalism, while I and a couple of my friends went to the local colleges to do research. I did it for the experience, not to try to get a SIEMENS Westinghouse Competition. That’s what other programs are for ^_^). It’s a good experience, so if your school has it, look into it.
Science fairs are your friend. Science fairs are also where people start differentiating themselves. I noticed that those kids with parents in academia, engineering or generally had money, sent their kids off to various professors at nearby colleges to do their science fair projects. As one of the kids who didnt do that, I HATED those kids, but if you can go for it try. Most professors dont hire high schoolers, and in all honesty, as a high schooler, you’ll be doing the really simple stuff, but it’s good training anyway. Back in undergrad, we had one of those high schoolers who wanted to go for the SIEMENS Westinghouse Competition, and I was his undergrad mentor. He helped me on my project and he got to do a presentation on it.
My experience with my high schooler was not a good one. He wanted to do it for the money. HE wasnt passionate about the science and I’m pretty sure his overbearing parents made him do it. Do not be one of these kids. Your mentor will only get angry and frustrated. Trust me, we can tell if you’re doing it for the wrong reason.
HOWEVER, if you are passionate, there are some programs that are good to try. In Texas, I was part of the Welch Summer High School Scholars program. These are all the kids who wanted to do experiments and learn. We were all passionate and we all ended up SIEMENS Westinghouse types and went on to International Science Fairs at some point. This was a fun experience, but generally, other states have programs like these as well. There’s one program at MIT that accepts high schoolers from all over and is quite competitive. It’s an international program, so really only the top of the top get in, but I’ll look up the information and post it at a later date.
If you really want to be a chemist, I’d do these types of programs. But remember, do it because you want to, not because anyone else wants you to. If you do it for the wrong reasons, you might get burned out at a young age and then not want to join a STEM field later on. I’ve seen it happen to friends of mine and it’s a waste of potential, IMHO, as they ended up being business majors who make way more money than me now…(waittaminute)
Well that’s all for part 1. Later on, I’ll do pt 2. College.
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